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  • Joseph Barreca

What are Economic Indicators and How Do They Impact Trading?

If you’re a trader, understanding what economic indicators are and how they work can help you make better-informed decisions when trading. Economic indicators are measurements used to gauge the health of an economy and can have an impact on your trades. In this blog post, we’ll explain what economic indicators are and how they affect the markets.


Economic indicators are statistics that measure different aspects of an economy, such as economic growth, inflation, and employment. They are used by policymakers, investors, and analysts to evaluate the overall health and direction of an economy. Some examples of common economic indicators include gross domestic product (GDP), consumer price index (CPI), and unemployment rate. These indicators can provide insight into the current state of an economy and help predict future economic trends.

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change over time in the prices paid by consumers for a basket of goods and services. It is used to calculate the rate of inflation. It is calculated by comparing the cost of the basket of goods and services in a specific period to the cost of the same basket in a base period, with the base period typically set at 100. An increase in the CPI indicates that prices have risen, while a decrease in the CPI indicates that prices have fallen. The CPI is published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) in the United States.

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the monetary value of all the finished goods and services produced within a country's borders in a specific period of time, typically a year. It is often used as an indicator of a country's economic health and growth. GDP can be calculated in three ways: by adding up the value of all goods and services produced in a country (the "output" approach); by adding up the income generated by the production of those goods and services (the "income" approach); or by adding up the amount spent on those goods and services (the "expenditure" approach).

GDP per capita, which is GDP divided by the total population, is often used as a measure of a country's standard of living. A country's GDP can be compared to that of other countries to determine its relative economic size and growth.

It is important to note that GDP only measures the monetary value of goods and services, and it does not account for other factors such as changes in income distribution or the quality of life.

Nonfarm payrolls (NFP) also known as nonfarm employment or simply payrolls, is a measure of the number of people employed in the United States, excluding those employed in the farming industry, government jobs, and private households. It is published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) on the first Friday of each month as part of the employment situation report.

Nonfarm payrolls are considered to be a key indicator of the health of the labor market, as it measures the change in the number of people employed across various industries. An increase in nonfarm payrolls indicates that more people are employed and that the economy is growing, while a decrease in nonfarm payrolls indicates that fewer people are employed and that the economy is weakening. The report also includes the unemployment rate and average hourly earnings, which are other important indicators of the labor market.

Economists and analysts pay close attention to the nonfarm payrolls report and its impact on the stock market, interest rates, and monetary policy.

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